Sunday, June 01, 2008

The Math of Myanmar's Survival: 5-15-30

To understand what’s going on now, and what the Myanmar government is doing, one needs only to understand three numbers:


The five percent of Myanmar’s population affected by cyclone Nargis accounts for roughly 15% of the rice produced in the country.

For that 15% to get harvested, all the seed has to be in the ground by July 30 to catch the summer monsoon.

What the Myanmar government has to do is quite simple.

It has to get the cyclone victims out of the relief camps and back into their villages, hope they can scrape together the bare necessities of shelter and food to sustain a working life, get them the wherewithal to plow and seed their fields, and make sure they finish up the planting in eight weeks from today—and twelve weeks after the worst natural disaster in the country’s history.

In other words, I would suspect that the Myanmar government is conducting one of the last great displays of socialized shock labor mobilization that we might witness in our lifetimes.

The alternative—letting the survivors recover their shattered lives and health in relief camps under the watchful eye of international humanitarian organizations at the expense of the monsoon paddy—is, for the junta, almost inconceivable.

Missing the monsoon paddy means Myanmar’s rice production collapses. Instead of exporting hundreds of thousands of tons of rice, it would have to import hundreds of millions of dollars worth of rice to avert food shortages in the rest of the country.

Missing the monsoon paddy means relying on the kindness of strangers and the generosity of the international community to make it through a 15-month food crisis.

Bloomberg described the situation using the genteel diction of NGO-speak:

Relief workers have a window of only a few weeks until the end of June to help farmers in the delta start planting rice if they are to avoid missing the crucial monsoon season, Diderik de Vleeschauwera spokesman for the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, said yesterday, according to the UN's IRIN news agency.

``Our top priority is to have the rice crop in during the month of June, so there will be at least some rice harvest before the end of the year and the pressure will be off on food aid needs,'' de Vleeschauwer said. ``If they cannot plant, the country will have a shortage of rice and be reliant on food aid beyond the emergency relief phase.''

The International Development Enterprises, a non-government organization working to boost agricultural production in Myanmar, is distributing seeds and fertilizers to 150,000 households that are ready to plant.

``We are madly rushing,'' Debbie Aung Din, country director for IDS in Myanmar, said, according to IRIN. ``The latest they can plant is 30 July, but they are going to have to prepare their land right now. It's a matter of getting seed into their hands, as well as helping with tilling.''

“Reliant on food aid beyond the emergency relief phase” is probably not a place the Myanmar government would like to be.

Given the rather meager haul of pledged aid at the donors’ conference in Yangon last week, the junta undoubtedly believes the West would be happy to expend the relative pittance needed to succor cyclone victims in their camps—while hoping that the need to import food will force dangerous concessions to Western demands for supervision of the aid process and political dialogue with the democratic opposition or, at the very least, drain the purported and purportedly massive illicit financial reserves of the regime.

Given this situation, it is not surprising that the Myanmar regime curtly denounced “chocolate-bar relief” from the international community in the wake of the disappointing donors’ conference and advised its weary citizens that there was no alternative to bootstrap self-reliance.

The Myanmar government is already emptying disaster relief camps of not particularly happy or healthy survivors and put them to work on compulsory labor projects to rebuild the delta’s infrastructure and prepare for the monsoon paddy.

If the exhausted farmers of the delta are able to get the planting in under the watchful eye of the brutal Myanmar military and an at least partial harvest is gathered in the fall, Myanmar will be able to negotiate the international terms of engagement from a position of relative strength--and defy the inchoate indignation of the world.


Unknown said...

Just for your information.
since Irrawaddy delta region produce about 70% of rice in Burma, 5-15-30 logic is no longer seems correct.
More over, sea water is still flooding on the most of the land which is used to be farm area.
So it is not possible to grow rice without the help of experts.
Rivers at that region can be seen with dead bodies of animals and human floating around, and not possible to get fresh water from it yet.

China Hand said...

20% of the delta (not 100%) has been affected by the cyclone. 20% x 70% ==14%. The cures for flood-related salinity are a) rainfall to wash away the salt and b) salt-resistant strains of rice (which the govt has requested). Fresh water, corpse-free or otherwise, can't be used to flush the salt out of the fields as far as I know. I'm not disputing that foreign aid/experts would be helpful.