Tong said that hundreds of Uyghurs had been given documents by Turkish diplomats, especially in Kuala Lumpur, and then allowed into Turkey.
Neither the Turkish Foreign Ministry nor the Turkish embassy in Kuala Lumpur were able to immediately provide comment.
The accusation is likely to further anger Ankara, already alarmed by the return of more than 100 Uyghurs to China from Thailand this week.
But upon arriving, Uyghurs have no chance of finding legal work and some end up with extremist groups, Tong said, like the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, which Beijing accuses of waging an insurrection campaign in Xinjiang to set up their own state.
“They are very easily controlled by certain local forces, especially the East Turkestan Islamic Movement and other terrorist groups. They organize the youths, they brainwash them, and get them to the front line to fight. They are cannon fodder,” Tong said.
“There is competition for them. Some are sent to Iraq, some to Syria. The terrorist groups there lack people. They will snatch people away. The terrorist groups will pay, at least $2,000 a person. It’s their way of recruiting soldiers.”
The National Security Council of Thailand would consider inviting representatives of international organisations such as International Committee of the Red Cross to travel to China with the government officials.
The Thai ministry’s statement said that the Chinese government had reassured the Thai government that it would treat those people with fairness and guarantee their safety.
Moreover, care would be taken of those found not guilty and they would be returned to society. They would also be provided with farmlands, the Chinese government said.
There's one, in Indonesia, that looks like pure dynamite that might blow up in Turkey's face.
Judging by reports to date, Turkey allegedly provided passports to Uyghurs implicated in the notorious Kunming railway station outrage (33 dead, 100+ wounded). Said Uyghurs, instead of docilely flying to Turkey, surrendering their beautiful Turkish passports, and proceeding to the slums of Kayseri (the town in Turkey designated as the haven for Uyghur refugees), appear to have snuck into Indonesia via Malaysia and attempted to hook up with a notorious Muslim militant on a remote island; a militant, by the way, whose organization reportedly declared its allegiance to ISIS.
The PRC has tacitly accepted the principle of non-refoulement as it pertains to Tibetan refugees, who get to continue on to Dharmsala if they "touch base" at a safe harbor in Katmandu, Nepal (This unpublicized deal is the key "canary in the coal mine" for US-PRC engagement on Tibet, especially as the PRC gets less cooperative with the US and more assertive with Nepal.)
But the PRC isn't going to accept a similar arrangement for Uyghur refugees as it, rather understandably, deems the security risks unacceptable.
However, as I argue in the piece below [link here], deal-cutting on the Uyghur issue is being overtaken by Turkish domestic politics as well as security calculations. The anti-China genii is leaping out of the bottle, and attacks on PRC individuals and interests (and, most unfortunately, individuals and interests perceived to be PRC-linked but are actually Korean, Taiwanese or whatever) is becoming the lingua franca of the competing youth movements of the AKP and MHP.
The PRC is starting to push back in public fora, raising complaints about unnamed foreign embassies and consulates providing passports to Uyghurs so they could flee the PRC. The unnamed country is, I think it is completely safe to say, is Turkey.
Regardless of sympathies in western capitals for Uyghur aspirations, the PRC criticisms are likely to resonate. Turkish biometric passports are good for travel into the EU. Even if Turkish security services display amazing efficiency in intercepting Uyghur travellers at the Turkish border and divesting them of these passports, mistakes can happen, leaving potentially politicized, potentially militant Uyghur refugees to travel freely.
And it appears highly probable that the mistake has already happened.
The most explosive Turkish travel documents case concerns the four Uyghurs--alleged Uyghurs, since they claim Turkish citizenship and the Turkish government has not repudiated them--who, allegedly, a) were implicated in the Kunming train station massacre b) received Turkish passports anyway and c) instead of proceeding obediently to Turkey fled to Indonesia via Malaysia and d) allegedly tried to join up with an Indonesian Islamist militant group.
The PRC will take Turkish advocacy of the Uyghur cause very seriously and if the Turkish government persists in cultivating its Uyghur ties, things could turn very ugly very quickly.